On a journey, ill:
my dream goes wandering
over withered fields.
They are at the end of the gallery; retired to their tea and scandal.
- The Double Dealer
Common sense is not really so common.
- Antoine Arnauld
Born in 1694:
French moral philosopher Francois Arouet, who wrote under
the pseudonym "Voltaire".
Irish philosopher Francis Hutcheson, foil for Adam Smith.
French physician and economist François Quesnay.
English poet James Bramston.
English nobleman Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington,
leading proponent of palladian architecture.
English art historian Jonathan Richardson the Younger.
French composer Louis Claude d'Aquin.
French Marquis René Louis de Voyer d'Argenson,
inventor of the term "Laissez-faire".
English merchant and philanthropist Ralph Allen, the Man
of Bath, inspiration for Henry Fielding's Squire Allworthy.
Paul Francis Danei, founder of the Roman Catholic Passionist
Order, later canonized as St. Paul of the Cross.
Praskovia Ivanovna Romanova, fifth daughter of Ivan V. His poor
Philip Dormer Stanhope, future Earl of Chesterfield
Scottish general Lord George Murray, leader of two Jacobite
victories, the 1745 Battle of Prestonpans and the 1746 battle of
Japanese poet and painter Yuri.
Died in 1694:
Events of 1694:
William Congreve's play The Double Dealer premeires, with incidental
music by Henry Purcell.
A university is founded in Halle, Brandenburg-Prussia.
King William's War/the Nine Years' War/War of the Leage of Augsburg
continues in Europe and America:
250 Abenaki warriors, on the advice of French advisor Sebastien de Villieu,
descend on Oyster River Plantation in New Hampshire (now (Durham, NH|Durham])
and kill one-third of the inhabitants, burn all the crops, and kill all
the livestock on the plantation.
William III grants William Patterson a charter for the Bank of England
after Patterson makes a substantial contribution to the war effort.
This also allows William to borrow as much as he wants for the war.
William, by royal proclamation, outlaws privateering without letters
of marque. As a consequence, English ships may not fly St. George's Cross
or the Union Jack without such letters.
Bad weather causes poor harvests in France. Of course, taxes are
not reduced, and famine and plague strike the peasantry. The only relief
comes when Admiral Jean Bart captures 30 Dutch grain ships after the
Battle of Texel.
The Anglo-Dutch fleet besieges Dunkirk.
Victor Amadeus, duke of Savoy, captures Casale and Pinerolo from
The Triennial Act declares that a new English Parliament should meet
at least once every three years. Admiral Bart holds them off, and the siege
continues until the end of the war.
The Dutch move one of their political prisoners, Sheikh Yusuf al-taj
al Khalwatial-Maqasari, from Ceylon to the Cape Colony. Because
of his presence, Islamic slaves in the Colony refuse to convert to Christianity.
The Shroud of Turin is moved to the specially-built chapel where it now
1693 - 1694 - 1695
How They Were Made - 17th Century