Born in 1689:
Died in 1689:
Events of 1689:
Nahum Tate's play Dido and Aeneas premeires.
Dean Aldrich publishes a poem enumerating Reasons for Drinking.
Jean Racine's play Esther premieres.
Matsuo Basho sets off on a journey into Northen Japan that will
result in his work Oku no Hosomichi (The Narrow Road to the Deep
Table Talk, a posthumous collection of John Selden's
witticisms, is published.
James II is out of power in the wake of the Glorious Revolution:
On January 3, James, under arrest in Rochester, manages to escape to France. His son-in-law William of
Orange, the stadtholder of The Netherlands, has Dutch guards stationed
The English Parliament:
passes a "Declaration of right" which:
Enumerates the many sins of James II, who has abdicated,
limits the power of the monarchy, specifically stating that
Parliament is the only body allowed to enact, enforce, and revoke laws,
All citizens have the right to petition the King for a redress of grievances.
declares James's Protestant daughter Mary Queen of England, and
her husband, William, King,
expresses the intent for further legislation to prohibit Roman Catholics
from the throne.
passes an Act of Toleration granting religious freedom for Protestants,
except that Dissenters could not hold public office, and Catholics could
neither vote nor hold office..
passes a Mutiny Act, punishing mutiny and desertion, effectively
creating a standing army.
The Scottish Parliament passes a "Claim of Right" which declares James
VII deposed, and lays out rights similar to those in England.
Dundee leads a Jacobite rebellion in Scotland. His forces are victorious
at Killiecrankie Pass but he is mortally wounded.
In May, James lands in Ireland, his last base of support, and gathers an army. James himself leads the siege of Derry, but is forced to withdraw
when a relieving force arrives.
On hearing of James's overthrow, Massachusetts colonists imprison Governor
Edward Andros. While Increase Mather in in London negotiating
a new charter for Massachusets, his son Cotton Mather publishes a manifesto
juistifying the overthrow.
New York prepares for war; in New Amsterdam, the militia seizes the
local fort. Commander Jacob Leisler eventually gets himself elected
governor of New York. Pro-Leisler (mostly Dutch) and anti-Leisler
(mostly English) factions form.
In Maryland, Anglican ministers use the pulpit to accuse Papist priests
of stirring up the local Indians to pillage settements. John Coode, an
Anglican member of the General Assembly, stages a popular uprising to unseat
Charles Calvert, current Lord Baltimore.
Louis XIV declares war on England, in support of James. England
and Holland join up with the League of Augsburg as "The Grand Alliance";
this sets off the War of the League of Augsburg, also known as the Nine
Years' War or King William's War.
Louis's forces invade The Palatinate and the Spanish Netherlands. General
Melac lays waste to the Palatinate, and the cities of
This triggers a wave of emigration from Germany to Pensylvania, Maryland,
Russian regent Sophia negotiates the Treaty of Nerchinsk with
Qing Emperor Kang Xi, delineating the boundary between Russia and
China for the first time.
In Moscow, the faction surrounding regent Sofia attempts
to assasinate her brother, seventeen-year-old Tsar Peter.
This plot fails, and the streltsy faction surrounding Peter squashes
the other faction, forcing Sophia to retire. Although Peter's feeble-minded
brother Ivan V is technically co-tsar, it is Peter (and his mother, now
regent) who holds all the power now.
The Baptists assemble in London and issue a statement
of their doctrines.
A "Chinese quarter" is set up in Nagasaki.
1688 - 1689 - 1690
How They Were Made - 17th Century