Born in 1668:
Died in 1668:
Events of 1668:
Francesco Redi proposes that maggots hatch from eggs laid by flies,
upsetting the commonly-held view that they arose by spontaneous generation.
Isaac Newton builds the first reflecting telescope.
A canal between the Elbe and Oder rivers is built in Brandenburg.
- Edward Lloyd opens a coffeehouse in London.
John Dryden's play The Maiden Queen appears. English
King Charles II grants him the title 'poet laureate'.
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, aka Molière, writes three plays: Amphitryon,
George Dandin, and The Miser.
Sir George Etheredge's bawdy play She Wou'd If She Cou'd
appears. He also becomes Charles II's minister to Turkey.
Louis XIV, having invaded the Spanish Netherlands after claiming that
they automatically devolved upon him when he married his Hapsburg wife
Maria Theresa, has to deal with the war
João IV Bragança takes the throne of Portugal
and Brazil as Charles II of Spain recognizes its independence; once
the most powerful nation in Europe, Spain is now the most feeble.
Charles II of England marries Katherine of Portugal, getting Bombay
(now Mumbai) as dowry.
Father Jacques Marquette builds a mission at Sault du Gastogne, a New
France trading post on Lake Huron, naming it Sault Ste Marie.
William Penn the Younger is thrown into the Tower of London
for his Quaker writings.
- Ottoman grand vizier Mohammed Koprulu captures Crete for sultan Mehmet IV.
Jan II Kazimierz Wazy abidcates the throne of Poland.
Jan Sobieski attacks the Tatar/Ottoman army at Podhajce
(in Ruthenia, now extreme wwestern Ukraine) and forces it to withdraw.
Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb grants the Maratta leader
Shivaji the title of raja.
A magnitude 8.5 earthquake strikes North China and Korea; parts
of Shandong are levelled. A magnitude 7.6 earthquake strikes Sind,
30,000 houses in Samaji sink into the ground.
1667 - 1668 - 1669
How They Were Made - 17th Century