Texas Instruments was started on May 16, 1930
as Geophysical Service to use seismology
to find oil
with J. Clarence "Doc" Karcher and Eugene McDermott as founders. By 1939
, the name had been changed to Coronado Corporation, with Geophysical Service Inc. as a subsidiary, and the company expanded to work in Panama
, Saudi Arabia
, the Persian Gulf
, and a number of other areas around the world. It was World War II
that brought the company into the electronics
industry in 1942
at the request of the US Army
and by 1948
they'd received their first airborne radar
In 1951, the company's name was changed to Texas Instruments Incorporated (TI) and the focus changed to transistors and semiconductors. By 1954, they'd produced the first commercial silicon transistor and first commercial transistor radio which brought TI a great deal of business including work for NASA. TI transistors and semiconductors were found in the Apollo spacecraft and a number of satellites.
What TI is known best for today are its calculators. The first TI calculator was the Datamath hand-held calculator, introduced in 1972. Mathematics students worldwide know TI for its popular calculators such as the TI-83, TI-89, and TI-92.
Today, Texas Instruments is a leading producer of DSPs, calculators, transistors, processors, and a number of other electronic and communications equipment. Other well known products include the Speak & Spell line of toys which teach children basic mathmatical ideas. They've also continued their work for the military with radar, communications, computer, and even AGMs.