The universal gas constant
is also extremely useful in chemical thermodynamics
, as in the equation:
delta G = delta G (STP) + R * T * ln(Q)
delta G: the change in free energy of a reaction
delta G (STP): the known change in free energy at standard temperature and pressure (25 degree celsius, 1 atm).
R: universal gas constant
T: absolute temperature
Q: reaction quotient
Since G is in joules/mole, T is in Kelvin, and Q is in ignored log units, the first expression of R (8.31451 J/mol*k) is used when the other quantities are in SI units.