is the school
that puts emphasis
on humans perceiving objects
s as whole
units instead of disconnected collections of impression
s. The idea
of parts being seen as more than a sum
of their parts was radical
from the perspective
of more traditional Structuralist
and Functionalist psychology
This school of psychology was pioneered by German psychologists Max Wertheimer and Kurt Koffka around 1914. The school was dissolved under pressure after the Nazis came to power in the 1930's. Hitler's dim view of intellectuals made the United States the final destination for many of the Gestalt school.
The most famous piece of Gestalt theory is the phi phenomenon experiment devised by Max Wertheimer. Despite the short lifespan of the Gestalt school much of the theory they tested is still influential in psychology especially in the study of learning and perception.