The traffic policeman was really just doing his job. When confronted by a speeding driver, the officer must get the license and registration details.
Reading between the lines, I'd imagine that the surgeon would have been quite agitated and possibly angry to the point of abuse. The police officer would have interpreted this in the context of his experience - The surgeon may have something to hide (I'm sure at this point the policeman didn't know/believe that the guy he pulled over was a surgeon)
How much faster would the surgeon have gotten to the theatre if he had travelled at the correct speed? Why don't surgeons have flashing lights with their cars? Why wasn't a surgeon at the hospital? Why didn't the surgeon/hospital phone ahead for a police escort?
It's easy to ask questions and dole out blame with the 20/20 vision hindsight gives you.
It was no one's fault.