A morning daily and Sunday newspaper published in Washington, D.C. The Post maintains 21 foreign, 7 national, and 12 metropolitan news bureaus.
Founded by independent-minded Democrat Stilson Hutchins, The newspaper contained four pages and cost three cents a copy.
Then relatively unknown Theodore Roosevelt contributed a series of western stories to The Post that appeared without his byline.
On June 15, at an essay awards ceremony on the mall, United States Marine Band leader John Philip Sousa introduced "The Washington Post March," which he wrote especially for the newspaper. It became a popular hit and is still a marching band favorite today.
John R. McLean, owner of the Cincinnati Enquirer, bought the newspaper increased its circulation and advertising and boosted its profits, but McLean's loyalty to the Democratic party colored his news judgments and caused the paper to lose much of its credibility and influence.
McLean died and his son, Edward, became publisher. A crony of President Warren G. Harding, young McLean switched the paper's allegiance to the Republican party. Circulation dropped, advertising decreased, and finally The Post stumbled into receivership.
On June 1, a public bankruptcy auction was held on the steps of The Post's E Street Building and the newspaper was sold for $825,000 to Eugene Meyer, a California-born financier. Meyer was not an experienced newspaperman, but he had strong convictions about publishing a newspaper which he expressed in this set of principles:
-- The first mission of a newspaper is to tell the truth as nearly as the truth may be ascertained.
-- The Newspaper shall tell ALL the truth so far as it can learn it, concerning the important affairs of America and the world.
-- As a disseminator of the news, the paper shall observe the decencies that are obligatory upon a private gentleman.
-- What it prints shall be fit reading for the young as well as for the old.
-- The newspaper's duty is to its readers and to the public at large, and not to the private interests of its owners.
-- In the pursuit of truth, the newspaper shall be prepared to make sacrifices of its material fortunes, if such course be necessary for the public good.
-- The newspaper shall not be the ally of any special interest, but shall be fair and free and wholesome in its outlook on public affairs and public men.
In the first ten years after Meyer took over, circulation tripled to 162,000 and advertising soared from 4 million to 12 million lines. However, The Post continued to lose money.
President Harry S. Truman appointed Eugene Meyer the first president of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Meyer was succeeded at The Washington Post by his daughter Katharine Meyer Graham's husband, Philip L. Graham, who had been assistant publisher.
The Washington Post Company acquired controlling interest of WTOP radio in Washington, D.C.
In June, Graham purchased Washington's CBS television station and changed the call letters to WTOP-TV.
Upon the death of Eugene Meyer, Philip L. Graham became president and publisher of the newspaper.
Philip Graham purchased Newsweek magazine for The Washington Post Company.
The Los Angeles Times-Washington Post News Service was formed to syndicate columns, articles and features appearing in both newspapers. Today, with more than 650 domestic and foreign clients, it is one of the largest supplemental news services in the world.
Katharine Graham became president of The Washington Post Company following the death of her husband, Philip Graham.
The Washington Post Company purchased the ABC-affiliated television station in Miami, Florida, and changed the call letters to WPLG-TV in memory of Philip L. Graham.
On June 15, The Washington Post Company went public with the sale of Class B common stock to the general public. Until then The Post Company had been privately held. Its stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange with the symbol WPO. Class A shares are privately held by the Graham family.
In ceremonies at Howard University in Washington, D.C., the company donated radio station WTOP-FM to the university, with the new call letters WHUR-FM, the station became the first under black management to broadcast in the Washington metropolitan area.
After working at The Post in various editorial, production and executive capacities, Donald E. Graham, Katharine Graham's son, was appointed executive vice president and general manager of the newspaper.
In July, The Washington Post Company exchanged television station WTOP-TV in Washington, D.C., for WDIV-TV in Detroit.
Donald Graham became publisher of The Post, succeeding his mother.
The Washington Post Company purchased Kaplan Educational Centers offering distance learning programs including Concord University School of Law, the nation's first online law school.
In February, The Post launched Post-Haste, a free telephone service that provides a wide variety of information to callers. The phone number is (202) 334-9000 and is toll-free in the local metropolitan Washington, D.C., area.
In January, washingtonpost.com put 11 years of The Washington Post's archives online.
Katharine Meyer Graham, former publisher of The Washington Post and Chairman of the Board of The Washington Post Company, won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography for her memoir, "Personal History."
On January 28, The Washington Post began printing color in photos, art and advertisements on its new presses in the renovated Springfield Plant and the new College Park Plant. The Post ceased printing at its two downtown locations however the news and business offices remain headquartered in Washington, DC.
In November, The Washington Post Company created a new subsidiary, Digital Ink Co. now known as Washingtonpost.Newsweek Interactive, to develop the company's editorial products and businesses on the World Wide Web. WPNI's services, available principally on the Internet, include washingtonpost.com, and Newsweek.com.