Materials science investigates how the properties of materials are determined by structure, composition, and processing of those materials.
This requires knowledge from the fields of physics, chemistry, and engineering.
materials science and engineering
I might as well make this a metanode, so here are some more links:
Types of materials
Liquid Crystal Polymer
Liquid Crystal (also liquid crystal)
Analysisfocused ion beam microscopy
I want to keep this up-to-date, so please /msg me if you know of any other materials science nodes, or if you write one yourself.