An ancient Greek
city and polis
, located just west of the Isthmus
. Corinth became a powerful mercantile power in Greece
in the 6th century BCE, under the tyranny of the Bacchiads
, and although the polis
joined the Peloponnesian League
that was lead by Sparta
, Corinth managed to preserve a great amount of independence. All through the 6th and 5th centuries BC, and until the breaking of the First Peloponnesian War
, Corinth was the most amicable polis
within the Peloponnesian League
, and managed to prevent the application of many sanctions that Sparta
wanted to lay on the polis
that was quickly growing to become its main competitor over the supremacy in Greece
Corinth participated in the Persian War and had the second largest and most efficient fleet in Greece (after Athens)
It was, in fact, only after the great dispute over Curcyra broke between Athens and Corinth, that Sparta managed to get the League to declare war over Athens, heralding the First Peloponnesian War.
During the Second Peloponnesian War, however, Corinth switched sides, and, seceding from the Peloponnesian League, united with Argos creating one united polis that dominated all of the North-Eastern Peloponnesian Peninsula. When Sparta won the war, it forced the united polis to separate into the two former components.
During the Third Peloponnesian War Corinth quite often switched sides (as did most of the Greek poleis).
After the occupation of Greece by Philip II of Macedonia, Corinth became one of the important centers of the Greek province. It retained this position until the Third Macedonian War in which Rome conquered Greece. As a retaliation of Greek mutiny attempts Corinth was then utterly destroyed.
The city was later rebuilt.