A part of an organism that once served a useful purpose but, as the organism evolved, stopped serving a useful purpose, yet remains a part of the body. This can also include organs that appear during development, yet disappear later on.

There are quite a few animals and plants that have such organs. Humans have tails while embryos, and wisdom teeth - not only vestigial, but can cause problems for some people who have a mouth that's too small for them. There are snakes with rudimentary legs. Flightless birds with wings and hollow bones. Some whales have hip bones - but no hip. Crabs have tails under their shells.

There is evidence by looking at some odd "design" of some parts of animals that vestigial organs have a tendency to be "jury-rigged" into serving some other purpose, once they stop being needed for their previous one.

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