word. One translation: "African Socialism", part of "ujamaa na kujitegemea" ("socialism and self-reliance"), a guiding idea for Julius Nyerere
as he tried to lead Tanzania
into nationhood. Not a big success, for a number of reasons; didn't Marx
insist that capitalism
was a necessary precursor to socialism
had mainly been a victim
of capitalism, never part
Now adapted/enshrined in the nguzo saba, with a less-local meaning: "cooperative economics".