A traditional vertical clay oven
, fired by charcoal
. Food such as meat is cooked on skewer
s over the coals; bread can be cooked by slapping it against the walls. It says here.
This is a big part of the reason why naan
Modern not-quite-as-traditional ones made of steel are to be had.
Associated with Indian food, but actually a common Middle Eastern word and thing: the English tandoor represents Urdu and Punjabi tandûr. The D is extraneous, apparently arising in Turkish. Older cultures in the region lack it: Arabic, Hebrew, and Persian tannûr, Aramaic tannûrâ, Assyrian tinûru. The spellings tanoor and tanur are sometimes seen for the Arab and Jewish clay oven.
Food cooked in a tandoor is called tandoori. The temperature is very high so cooking is fast.