A Latin expression from roman law. A situation where a judge will set aside the verdict of a jury. Such a ruling is set in motion by the non-winning part of a trial, and if the judge comes to the conclusion that the jury should have been directed in a different direction, it will be a judgement N.O.V.
Note that because of the Fifth Amendment, a jury verdict of Not Guilty cannot be set aside by the judge, no matter how erroneous (s)he thinks it is, with the possible exception of evidence of jury tampering by the defendant or their lawyer.
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