The method used to identify the number of sets of chromosomes within a cell or organism (i.e. its ploidy). Each set is designated "n" so one set is n is haploid, two sets is 2n is diploid, three sets is 3n is triploid, four sets is 4n is tetraploid, etc. Also, 2n+1 is known as trisomy (i.e. two full sets plus a third copy of one of the chromosomes).

From the BioTech Dictionary at http://biotech.icmb.utexas.edu/. For further information see the BioTech homenode.

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