Foul (foul), n. [See Fowl.]

A bird. [Obs.] Chaucer.

 

© Webster 1913


Foul (foul), a. [Compar. Fouler (-ər); superl. Foulest.] [OE. foul, ful, AS. fUl; akin to D. vuil, G. faul rotten, OHG. fUl, Icel. fUl foul, fetid; Dan. fuul, Sw. ful foul, Goth. fUls fetid, Lith. puti to be putrid, L. putere to stink, be putrid, pus pus, Gr. py`on pus, to cause to rot, Skr. pUy to stink. √82. Cf. Defile to foul, File to foul, Filth, Pus, Putrid.]

1.

Covered with, or containing, extraneous matter which is injurious, noxious, offensive, or obstructive; filthy; dirty; not clean; polluted; nasty; defiled; as, a foul cloth; foul hands; a foul chimney; foul air; a ship's bottom is foul when overgrown with barnacles; a gun becomes foul from repeated firing; a well is foul with polluted water.

My face is foul with weeping.
Job. xvi. 16.

2.

Scurrilous; obscene or profane; abusive; as, foul words; foul language.

3.

Hateful; detestable; shameful; odious; wretched. "The foul with Sycorax." Shak.

Who first seduced them to that foul revolt?
Milton.

4.

Loathsome; disgusting; as, a foul disease.

5.

Ugly; homely; poor. [Obs.] Chaucer.

Let us, like merchants, show our foulest wares.
Shak.

6.

Not favorable; unpropitious; not fair or advantageous; as, a foul wind; a foul road; cloudy or rainy; stormy; not fair; -- said of the weather, sky, etc.

So foul a sky clears not without a storm.
Shak.

7.

Not conformed to the established rules and customs of a game, conflict, test, etc.; unfair; dishonest; dishonorable; cheating; as, foul play.

8.

Having freedom of motion interfered with by collision or entanglement; entangled; -- opposed to clear; as, a rope or cable may get foul while paying it out.

Foul anchor. (Naut.) See under Anchor. --
Foul ball (Baseball), a ball that first strikes the ground outside of the foul ball lines, or rolls outside of certain limits. --
Foul ball lines (Baseball), lines from the home base, through the first and third bases, to the boundary of the field. --
Foul berth (Naut.), a berth in which a ship is in danger of fouling another vesel. --
Foul bill, or Foul bill of health, a certificate, duly authenticated, that a ship has come from a place where a contagious disorder prevails, or that some of the crew are infected. --
Foul copy, a rough draught, with erasures and corrections; -- opposed to fair or clean copy. "Some writers boast of negligence, and others would be ashamed to show their foul copies." Cowper. --
Foul proof, an uncorrected proof; a proof containing an excessive quantity of errors. --
Foul strike (Baseball), a strike by the batsman when any part of his person is outside of the lines of his position. --
To fall foul, to fall out; to quarrel. [Obs.] "If they be any ways offended, they fall foul." Burton. --
To fall, or run, foul of. See under Fall. --
To make foul water, to sail in such shallow water that the ship's keel stirs the mud at the bottom.

 

© Webster 1913


Foul (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Fouled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Fouling.]

1.

To make filthy; to defile; to daub; to dirty; to soil; as, to foul the face or hands with mire.

2. (Mil.)

To incrust (the bore of a gun) with burnt powder in the process of firing.

3.

To cover (a ship's bottom) with anything that impered its sailing; as, a bottom fouled with barnacles.

4.

To entangle, so as to impede motion; as, to foul a rope or cable in paying it out; to come into collision with; as, one boat fouled the other in a race.

 

© Webster 1913


Foul, v. i.

1.

To become clogged with burnt powder in the process of firing, as a gun.

2.

To become entagled, as ropes; to come into collision with something; as, the two boats fouled.

 

© Webster 1913


Foul, n.

1.

An entanglement; a collision, as in a boat race.

2. (Baseball)

See Foul ball, under Foul, a.

 

© Webster 1913


Foul, n.

In various games or sports, an act done contrary to the rules; a foul stroke, hit, play, or the like.

 

© Webster 1913

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