= F =
fall through v.
(n. `fallthrough', var.
`fall-through') 1. To exit a loop by exhaustion, i.e., by having
fulfilled its exit condition rather than via a break or exception
condition that exits from the middle of it. This usage appears to
be really old, dating from the 1940s and 1950s. 2. To fail
a test that would have passed control to a subroutine or some other
distant portion of code. 3. In C, `fall-through' occurs when the
flow of execution in a switch statement reaches a case label
other than by jumping there from the switch header, passing a point
where one would normally expect to find a break. A trivial
/* FALL THROUGH */
The variant spelling /* FALL THRU */ is also common.
The effect of the above code is to do_green() when color is
GREEN, do_red() when color is RED,
do_blue() on any other color other than PINK, and
(and this is the important part) do_pink() and then
do_red() when color is PINK. Fall-through is
considered harmful by some, though there are contexts (such as
the coding of state machines) in which it is natural; it is
generally considered good practice to include a comment
highlighting the fall-through where one would normally expect a
break. See also Duff's device.
--The Jargon File version 4.3.1, ed. ESR, autonoded by rescdsk.