Deductive reasoning is the process by which you come to a conclusion by starting with the cause
and ending with the effect
was quite a fan of it. It is the formulation
of a theory
, the gathering of evidence
), and the confirmation
of the theory
If a co-worker
were to walk by your desk just after lunch break and say "Too bad you missed lunch, today", without having any way of knowing this, you would likely be puzzled
Their deductive line of thought, however, might be as such:
: John Doe
didn't go to lunch today.
on John Doe
's desk is dated today.
was at his desk until lunch.
It is Friday
, and the banks would be jammed
John would not have had time to eat at a restaurant
There is no litter around the desk to indicate take-away food.
John is not currently eating.
John Doe did not go to lunch
The leap from submittal of evidence to confirmation of theory is called a "deductive leap
". This manner of decoding events is most often used in science and law.