Curium
Symbol: Cm
Atomic Number: 96
Atomic Weight: 247 (most stable)
Boiling Point: ??? K
Melting Point: 1620 K
Density at 300K: 13.5 g/cm3
Covalent radius: ???
Atomic radius: ???
Atomic volume: 18.3 cm3/mol
First ionization potental: 6.02 V
Specific heat capacity: ??? Jg-1K-1
Thermal conductivity: 10 Wm-1K-1
Electrical conductivity: ???*106Ω-1m-1
Heat of fusion: ??? kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization: ??? kJ/mol
Electronegativity: 1.3 (Pauling's)

Previous Americium---Berkelium Next
To the Periodic Table
Curium, a wondrous thing
It's symbol, Cm, can make my heart sing

Number ninety-six, a sight to behold
Its color unknown, but certainly bold
It melts at sixteen thirteen K (or so I have been told)
It weighs two four seven AMUs. (Even more than gold!)

It is a rare earth metal, and an actinide at that
It is not found in nature for in labs is where it's at!

When the temp is two nine three
You may find that its density
Is one three point one five five g
Divided by cm to three

No one knows quite when it boils
But its name comes from the toils

of the Curies. They helped find
Radiation that warped their minds!
Then they breathed fire and were not kind
And laser beams from their eyes shined!

Tokyo would be no more
But Godzilla gave a mighty roar!

He killed the giant scientists
And stopped the swinging of their fists
No one in Tokyo could insist
That Godzilla does not exist

Electronegativity
Says Pauling is just one point three
Curium, O curium
You have a friend in me!


Node your homework

Curium is an element that currently exists only as a result of technology. Curium can be created in research reactors by bombarding other actinides with neutrons. Unlike the heaviest and most difficult to create elements, which must be created through high energy bombardment of two nuclei, the process of creating Curium is relatively easy. As such, relatively large quantities, in the kilogram range, can be produced. All isotopes of curium are strong alpha particle emitters, most with very short half-lives, so that any usage of curium would be confined to nuclear research, and of course handling any would be very difficult.

Despite its rare nature and difficult of manufacture on earth, Curium could be found to be "naturally" occurring, although not for very long. One isotope of Curium, Cm-247, has a half-life of 15 million years, while another, Cm-248, has a half-life of 340,000 years. While it is possible that much heavier elements than Curium could be synthesized in a supernova, the next longest-lived isotopes after these two isotopes are three isotopes of the next two heaviest elements, Berkelium and Californium. These isotopes have half-lives on the scale of a few hundred to a thousand years. While this is actually not short lived by the standards of such heavy elements, it is still too short lived to take part in geological processes.

Depending on exact models of planetary formation, the two longest lived isotopes of Curium would have time to be trapped inside of larger bodies and have their heat incorporated, rather than lost into space. After undergoing decay, they would eventually become isotopes of Uranium, and much later, Lead. Of course, not much Curium is probably produced inside even a supernova explosion: if we look at the relatively tiny amount of Uranium produced, and then imagine the uphill process of driving more mass and energy into it, the amount is probably vanishingly small.

However, as more research is done into early solar system formation, and more information is gained about exoplanets, it may turn out that the presence of these two isotopes makes a meaningful difference in early planet formation, and enables geological bodies that would otherwise be too small for it.

Thus, one of the periodic table's lesser curiosities may be a very important property of geological properties that have shaped the world we live in, as well as other possible worlds.

Log in or registerto write something here or to contact authors.