Also known as Anko, An was a member of the triad of the Sumerian High Gods (along with Enki and Enlil). He was the God of Heaven and the Universe, and was the primary God in the Sumerian pantheon from(approximately) 4000 B.C. to 2500 B.C., when his position was taken over by his sons Enlil and Enki.He also existed in Mesopotamian mythology as Anu According to Sumerian creation myths, when the earth was created An took the Heavens as his kingdom, whilst Enlil took the Earth as his.

According to many sources, he and Nihursag created almost all of the other gods of Sumaria, and along with Enlil, granted various gods, goddesses, and kings their earthly regions of influence and their laws. Erech was the centre of the cult of An worship, and the fall of An from being the highest of the Sumerian Gods coincides with the city losing its status as the most powerful in the region.

An (#). [AS. an one, the same word as the numeral. See One, and cf. A.]

This word is properly an adjective, but is commonly called the indefinite article. It is used before nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or any, but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as "twice an hour," "once an age," a shilling an ounce (see 2d A, 2), it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to each, every.

An is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound; as, an enemy, an hour. It in also often used before h sounded, when the accent of the word falls on the second syllable; as, an historian, an hyena, an heroic deed. Many writers use a before h in such positions. Anciently an was used before consonants as well as vowels.

 

© Webster 1913.


An, conj. [Shortened fr. and, OE. an., and, sometimes and if, in introducing conditional clauses, like Icel. enda if, the same word as and. Prob. and was originally pleonastic before the conditional clause.]

If; -- a word used by old English authors.

Shak.

Nay, an thou dalliest, then I am thy foe. B. Jonson.

An if, and if; if.

 

© Webster 1913.

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