The Yellow Sea is a large inlet that extends off of the East China Sea
off of the Pacific Ocean
, between China
on the eat and north and the Korean peninsula on the east. It measures about 600 miles north to south and about 435 east to west, is about 161,000 square miles, has an average depth of 131 feet, and it's lowest depth is 500 feet. Major inlets include Bohai
, Korea Bay
, and the Liaodong Gulf
. It is also known as Hwang-hai.
Geologically, the bottom of the Yellow Sea is unique. It's a shallow part of the continental shelves that was only covered with water after the last Ice Age. Silt mostly from the Yangtze River and the Huang Ho rivers color the ocean floor. During the summer there are typhoons, winter brings a strong monsoon, and fog surrounds the coasts. Topographically, the bottom of the sea is narrow and has a deep slit where the Yangtze empties into it.
The area around the Yellow Sea, known as the Yellow Sea Rim, is surrounded by major Chinese and Korean industrial areas and trading hubs for North-East Asia. Cities such as Beijing, Seoul, and Shanghai are situated near the ocean and since most of the Korean peninsula is also part of the Japan Sea Rim region, information and good flow freely through the region.