was born in Silstedt, Harz. on the 11th of December 1902. Entering into the Kriegsmarine
on April 1, 1923 as a Fähnrich zur See
, he was assigned as commanders of the torpedo boats Seeadler
. Working his way up to the rank of Kapitänleutnant
, Hartmann transferred to the U-boat
arm of the Kreigsmarine where he remained in service until the end of World War II
Werner Hartmann commissioned Germany's first high-seas U-boat, U-26
in May of 1936 – an impressive credit to any officer's career. His U-26 crew
patrolled waters off the Spainyard coast during the Spanish Civil War
between 1937 and 1938. Hartmann's First Watch Officer was Oberleutnant Günther Prien
, who would later become an extremely famous U-boat commander
Korvettenkapitän Hartmann also came up with the idea of commanding a wolfpack
of U-boats from another u-boat at sea. His strategy was tried, but proved to be inefficient, and the BdU (High Command of the U-Boats - GrossAdmiral Karl Dönitz
) decided to henceforth command and direct the U-Boat operations from land.
At the outset of World War II, Hartmann commanded U-37
, as well as the Second U-boat Flotilla
. His first combat patrol
with U-37 yielded 8 sinkings! One of the eight was the 10,184-ton British
. He returned from his second combat patrol with U-37 credited with another eight ships, and yet four more in April of that year.
After his third patrol Hartmann was promoted to Fregattenkapitän
in April, and awarded the Knights Cross to the Iron Cross
by the Führer on May 9th, 1940. He was transferred by Grossadmiral Dönitz to his staff as I ASTO, and in November was made commander of the 2nd ULD (U-Boat training
division), located in Gotenhafen. In November 1941, he was given command of the 27th U-Boat Flotilla in the same location.
He finally returned to being a Captain of a U-Boat when he comissioned the large, IXD2 class, U-198
. He took a 200-day war patrol (the third longest in U-boat history) to the Capetown
area. When all was said and done for his patrol, he had sent another seven ships to the bottom, and damaged one more, and was raised to the rank of Kapitän zur See
in the process.
Come 1944, Hartmann was named as FdU Mittlemeer (Commander of U-Boats Mediterranean
) and there earned the Oakleaves
to the Knight's Cross on 5 November 1944 - the 645th recipient of the oakleaves. Later, in February 14, 1945 he assumed the command of the 6th Marine Grenadier
Regiment of the 2nd Marine Infantry
Division. This was a strategic regiment that patrolled the North Baltic Canal
zone, which was extremely important to the withdrawl of German forces and evacuees from the eastern territories.
After World War II ended, Hartmann served for a little while in the Bundesmarine
- the German Navy after wartime before closing his fantastic career. Throughout the war, Hartmann sank 25 ships totalling 111,645 tons. He passed away on the 26th of April, 1963.