Blackjack is the NATO reporting name
for the Tupolev
Larger, longer ranged, and more heavily armed than the older
, it resembles the US B-1
bomber both in capability and appearance.
The Tu-160 can carry nuclear and conventional weapons including long
range nuclear missiles. The missiles are carried in rotary racks in
internal weapons bays. The Tu-160 is capable of carrying up to 12
AS-15 Kent (Kh-55MS) long-range cruise missiles, or up to 24
shorter-range AS-16 Kickback (Kh-15P) missiles, or as much as
40 tons of gravity bombs. Depending on payload, it can cruise
as far as 14000km, able to reach virtually the entire continental
United States from Russian bases, without refueling.
A layman could easily mistake the Blackjack for the B-1. Both are
large swing-wing bombers with the wing gloves smoothly blended
with a sleek fuselage, having 4 engines under the wing roots.
However, Blackjack is quite a bit larger.
Russian designation: Tu-160
NATO designation: Blackjack
Design Bureau: OKB-156 Tupolev
Manufacturer: Plant nr. 22 Kazan
Development began: 1975
First flight: 1981
Series production: 1984
Power Plant: 4 NK-32 turbojet engines, thrust 25000kg each
Dimensions: 54.1m long by 13.1m high by 55.7m (min sweep) to 35.6m (max sweep)
Cruising speed: 900kph
Maximum speed: 2200kph
Flight ceiling: 16000m
Max takeoff weight: 275000kg
Maximum weapon load: 40000kg
Operational range: 14000km (9000kg load) 10500km (max load)
Armament: 12 AS-15 (Kh-55) missiles, or 24 AS-15 (Kh-15) missiles,
or up to 40000kg of 250kg-1500kg free fall bombs
The performance of your Tu-160 may vary. Information was obtained
from multiple sources including the Federation of American Scientists
Military Analysis Network (www.fas.org). Information on military
hardware is usually compiled from a variety of once-classified,
unclassified, mistranscribed, and just-plain-lying sources, and
as such is fragmentary and inconsistent; please do not use this
information to plan a war.