German Literary Movement
between 1945 and 1950
means "rubble literature". The reason it's called that is that at the time, Germany was a pile of rubble. Its authors were, though young, veteran
s returning from the war
. They started a new "traditionless" literature
- due to the Nazis' censorship
(see "Entartete Kunst
" - "degenerate art
") they had neither had access
to works of German authors
of the Weimar Republic
nor to international masterpiece
s. Also, like the rest of Germany, they wanted the "Stunde Null" (hour zero), a completetly new start (which of course was not quite possible - see Denazification
The Trümmerliteratur dealt with the harsh realities in post-war Germany: ruin
(if only to pick up the pieces that had once been one's life) and general hardship
. It did so with a markedly simple and clear language
to break away from the earlier corrupted ideology-speak. No more deceptions
, no more delusions
. The results are impressing and depressing at the same time.
Important authors and some of their works:
Wolfgang Borchert - "Laterne, Nacht und Sterne", "Das Brot", "An diesem Dienstag", "Die Hundeblume", "Nachts schlafen die Ratten doch" and most famously "Draußen vor der Tür"
Heinrich Böll - "Der Zug war pünktlich", "Wanderer, kommst du nach Spa", "Wo warst du, Adam"
Wolfdietrich Schnurre - "Die Rohrdommel ruft jeden Tag"
Günter Eich - "Inventur"
Many authors later assembled in the "Gruppe 47
", which became the literary circle
in the 50s and early 60s.