GNU Stow is a software package management program, written in Perl.

Basically, Stow is to /usr/local what dpkg and RPM are to /usr. Consider the following software installation scenario:

./configure
make
make install

This is the typical GNU software installation using Autotools. The "make install" will install the program under /usr/local: Binaries go to /usr/local/bin, libraries to /usr/local/lib, documentation to /usr/local/doc, manual pages to /usr/local/man...

And herein lies our dilemma: After couple of years after my Wild /usr/local Usage, I looked at some directories under /usr/local/man and found really old manpages there (I had installed equivalent software using normal package system or something, and this stuff was unused). I've found really old headers from /usr/local/include. I've found really old long unused crap from /usr/bin, something that referred to libc5. Why it was there? Well, it was too darn hard to remove.

Stow makes things much easier. Basically, to install a program, do this:

./configure --prefix="/usr/local/stow/package-1.0"
make
make install
cd /usr/local/stow
stow package-1.0

This will create appropriate symlinks to the normal /usr/local hierarchy. /usr/local/bin/package will link to /usr/local/stow/package-1.0/bin/package, and so on.

Yes, this is just a very tiny little bit more complicated than "normal" installation. However, deleting the program is now much easier:

cd /usr/local/stow
stow -D package-1.0
rm -rf package-1.0

That's it! Can't be much more easier, can it?

Stow (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stowing.] [OE. stowen, fr. stowe a place, AS. stow; cf. Icel. eldstoa fireplace, hearth, OFries. sto, and E. stand. 163.]

1.

To place or arrange in a compact mass; to put in its proper place, or in a suitable place; to pack; as, to stowbags, bales, or casks in a ship's hold; to stow hay in a mow; to stow sheaves.

Some stow their oars, or stop the leaky sides. Dryden.

2.

To put away in some place; to hide; to lodge.

Foul thief! where hast thou stowed my daughter? Shak.

3.

To arrange anything compactly in; to fill, by packing closely; as, to stow a box, car, or the hold of a ship.

 

© Webster 1913.

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