Train station at the northern edge of Osaka City: its name literally means "New Osaka." It was built in 1964 as the western terminus for the Tokaido Shinkansen, aka the bullet train. Osaka Station, located in the middle of Umeda, was so deep inside the city that the National Railways decided to build a new station rather than spare the expense to run the Shinkansen lines underground (as they had to do in Tokyo).

Shin-Osaka looks more like an airport terminal than a railway station because it primarily caters to business travelers and tourists, not commuters. The only other lines feeding into the station are the subway's Midosuji Line and JR's Kyoto Line.

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