Sergio Osmeña, Sr. (1878-1961).

Osmeña, was elected vice president to Manuel Quezon in 1941, and became president of the Philippines when Quezon died in 1944. A native of Cebu City, Osmeña was the first Filipino president from the Visayas.

In 1907, Osmeña founded the Nacionalista Party, which later dominated Philippine politics (sadly, it is now diminished and a shell of its former stature -- but I digress). He was leader of the party until 1921, when Quezon replaced him.

During the Japanese occupation, Osmeña was in Washington DC with Quezon, helping to form a government in exile. He became presiden when Quezon died in 1944, and made a triumphant return to the Philippines, with the forces of Douglas MacArthur.

Osmeña ran for president in 1946, but lost to Manuel Roxas, the first president of the Philippine Republic. Sergio Osmeña was 87 years old when he died in 1961.

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