Although the X-shaped emblem of St Andrew
is always called a cross, it is termed a 'saltire' in heraldry
, and is not a kind of heraldic cross. So it does not partake of all the ornate variations that the cross
has, but is much more like a simple figure such as a chevron
or a bend
. It is naturally very common in Scottish
A field divided into four parts by an X-shaped line is described as 'per saltire' or 'party per saltire'.
A saltire where each diagonal consists of two narrow bands interwoven with the other diagonal is termed a 'saltire parted and fretty'.