Res"i*due (r?z"?-d?), n. [F. r'esidu, L. residuum, fr. residuus that is left behind, remaining, fr. residere to remain behind. See Reside, and cf. Residuum.]
That which remains after a part is taken, separated, removed, or designated; remnant; remainder.
The residue of them will I deliver to the sword.
Jer. xv. 9.
If church power had then prevailed over its victims, not a residue of English liberty would have been saved.
That part of a testeator's estate wwhich is not disposed of in his will by particular and special legacies and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and legacies.
That which remains of a molecule after the removal of a portion of its constituents; hence, an atom or group regarded as a portion of a molecule; -- used as nearly equivalent to radical, but in a more general sense.
<-- also moiety -->
⇒ The term radical is sometimes restricted to groups containing carbon, the term residue being applied to the others.
4. Theory of Numbers
Any positive or negative number that differs from a given number by a multiple of a given modulus; thus, if 7 is the modulus, and 9 the given number, the numbers -5, 2, 16, 23, etc., are residues.
Syn. -- Rest; remainder; remnant; balance; residuum; remains; leavings; relics.
© Webster 1913.