A government position with the mandate to protect the privacy
of its citizens in the electronic age. Typically, this role is an advisory or ombudsman
capacity, at arms' length from government policy. For example, the Privacy Commissioner might help bring a lawsuit
against the government or business on behalf of a citizen. It is also common for the Privacy Commissioner to appeal to citizens to adopt encryption
as a proactive measure of privacy protection. Obviously, not all countries have such roles. Canada
, New Zealand
, and Australia
have privacy commisioners with varying areas of responsibility.