Land reclaimed from the sea adjacent to shore by constructing dikes and pumping out water.

This is a technique used widely along the coast of the Netherlands since the Middle Ages. The largest reclamation thus far began in 1932 when the Dutch began draining the Zuider Zee, a shallow inlet of the North Sea in central Netherlands. The project allowed for 850 sq mi (2,200 sq km) of land to be used for farmland and urban expansion.

Pol"der (?), n. [D.]

A tract of low land reclaimed from the sea by of high embankments.

[Holland & Belgium]

 

© Webster 1913.

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