orthos == straight pteron == wing

An order of insects that contains approximately 30,000 species, Orthoptera includes crickets, grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, walking sticks, praying mantises and cockroaches.

Orthopterans have biting mouthparts; most also have 2 sets of wings: a thicker set that lay over larger, softer hindwings. The majority feed on plants, though some (like the praying mantis) are carnivorous. They can live in a variety of habitats; most live on land and have powerful hind legs to jump.

These insects are also well-known for their "singing." Particularly during mating season or in cold weather, many species in the Order Orthoptera will sing and chirp.

Mmm... homework.

Or*thop"te*ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. straight + feather, wing.] Zool.

An order of mandibulate insects including grasshoppers, locusts, cockroaches, etc. See Illust. under Insect.

⇒ The anterior wings are usually thickened and protect the posterior wings, which are larger and fold longitudinally like a fan. The Orthoptera undergo no metamorphosis.


© Webster 1913.

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