Some cool things can happen when you type this in the address field in Netscape Navigator, followed by one of these: marca, ari, atotic, blythe, chouck, dmose, dp, ebina, hagan, jeff, jg, jsw, jwz, karlton,kipp, mlm, montulli, mtoy, paquin, robm, sharoni, terry, timm which will bring you to the site of that developer. Or followed by one of these: global, cache, memory-cache, image-cache which will tell you what's in the specific cache. Or one of these: document, plugins, license, logo, mozilla.

Popular 1990's WWW browser developed by Netscape Communications Ltd. for several operating systems. The first, and arguably the best commercial web browser. In its heyday, Netscape (as it is commonly abbreviated) commanded upwards of 95% of the growing browser market.

Through the first four cardinal version increments, Netscape effectively dictated the 'standards' that would be adopted by webpage authors, to increasingly hostile effect. Their growing paranoia was justified, of course - although it took Microsoft a concerted effort and over $500 million to obtain critical mass for their own Internet Explorer browser, forcing both products to be distributed for free.

Versions 4.0 through 4.79 saw incremental improvements to the 1997 version, now often seen expanded to a 'suite' dubbed Netscape Communicator. The proliferation of versions over the period from 1997-2000 lead many people to erroneously believe that NS4 is unstable (this 'tried it once, written it off forever' mentality explains why many people do not use Mozilla today). This incarnation's handling of CSS is very dodgy, however.

From version 6.0 onward, the word 'Navigator' has been dropped and Netscape (as it is now known) is based on the Mozilla codebase (invariably a few weeks or months behind the cutting edge of Mozilla development, and crammed full of AOL-mandated crap).

AOL-Time Warner currently use Netscape Navigator as a bargaining tool in their ongoing conflicts with Microsoft. In exchange for putting IE on their trial CD's, they are allowed to have an AOL icon on the Windows desktop. AOL are likely to re-negotiate this deal as the next version of Mozilla-based Navigator will certainly blow Internet Explorer into the weeds, at least for those that can be persuaded to upgrade.

With Microsoft's Internet Explorer browser now dominating the web, it's easy to forget the browser that started it all, Netscape. Though it wasn't the first browser, it brought the internet to the masses and defined the web during its formative years.

Version 0.9 was publicly unveiled on October 13th, 1994. This was a work in progress, and basically matched the features of Mosaic, but with better image handling (full GIF and JPEG support) and a noticable speed increase. At this point, the browser was still known as Mosaic Netscape.

Version 1.0 was released December 15, 1994. The browser was renamed Netscape due to legal wrangling with Spyglass and NCSA. The major feature of this release was working SSL - Netscape's killer feature for e-commerce. Version 1.1 followed in April 1995. This was the first release to have a 32-bit version for Windows 95 and NT. It also contained some interesting new features like dynamic documents through client pull (HTTP Refresh) and server push. Client pull was showcased by the famous Netscape Fishcam. Also introduced were background colors and images, giving content providers even more control over a page's look.

Version 2.0 was released in March 1996. The killer feature for this release was Javascript, although more attention was paid to Java applet support. Other interesting features: plug-in support, animated GIFs, client side image maps, the font COLOR attribute and HTTP File upload. Netscape 2.0 supported the HTML 3.0 standard. Netscape 2.0 was also released in a "Gold" edition, that introduced the HTML editor.

Version 3.0 came out in August 1996, just after the release of MSIE 3.0. While the new version of IE compared favorably to Netscape 2.0, 3.0 raised the ante. The major improvement was Javascript 1.1, which added the ability to control images, leading to the ubitquitous mouse over effects. Also added was LiveConnect, a bridge between Java applets and Javascript. In addition, this version of Netscape supported frame border control, the font FACE attribute, and Java zipfile (jar) support. Netscape 3.0 supported HTML 3.2.

Version 4.0 was released in June 1997. The notable improvements were Javascript 1.2, the LAYER tag, and limited support for cascading style sheets (CSS). 4.04 added PNG image support, 4.06 gave us Javascript 1.3 and the Javascript console.

In the face of increasingly stiff competition from Microsoft, Netscape "freed the lizard". On January 23, 1998, they stopped charging for the browser and announced the source code was going to be made public. The code was revealed on March 31, 1998, and was intended to provide the base for Netscape 5.0.

Version 5.0 was eventually scrapped, but some of the features made it into (the still proprietary) version 4.5, which came out in June 1998. The new features centered around "enterprise" support: roaming profiles, e-mail read receipts, LDAP autocomplete for addresses in Messenger. In addition, Java 1.1 was supported, and the contraversial Smart Browsing and What's Related features were added. Windows 3.1 and 68k Macs were finally abandoned.

In November 1998 AOL announced it was buying Netscape. The first AOL co-branded release was 4.6 and the significant changes were: a 56-bit DES cipher added to both the US and export versions (export version previously had only RC4-40) and RealNetworks G2 RealPlayer was bundled.

Version 4.7 followed in October 1999, with minimal bug fixes and WinAMP added to the ever-growing list of bundled packages. At version 4.73, the export version was abandoned, and 128-bit encryption was distributed outside the US.

Netscape 6 Preview Release 1, the first Netscape branded release based on the "mozilla" free source code, came out in April 2000. This release was almost universally panned, released too early. It was followed by PR2 in August, PR3 in October, and the final release shortly thereafter. 6.1, 6.2 and 6.21 came out in quick succession, in August, October, and December of 2001, respectively. Each incrementally improved the browser to the point where 6.21 is fast, stable and usable browser.

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