The first commercial non-kit computer based on a microprocessor, the Micral was introduced in 1973 by French company R2E and was powered by the 8008 chip from Intel. For years the hardware's development was attributed to R2E president Thi Truong, but after litigation ending in 1998, Fran├žois Gernelle was confirmed to have been the machine's true designer. The software was programmed by Philippe Kahn, founder of Borland, and the machine - which ran at 108kHz - sold for $1,750. It was in an article on the Micral that the term microcomputer first appeared in print.

Sources
http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp?c=352
http://www.liberation.com/multi/cahier/articles/sem99.15/cah990409c.html
http://www.lightsurf.com/pk_tech/ts_21401.html

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