This Date In History
The Battle of Lewes leaves England's King Henry III a captive of France, making Simon de Montfort temporary ruler of the British Isles.
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, is born.
King Henry IV of France dies.
Five year old Louis XIV is crowned the king of France following his father's untimely death.
Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, whose temperature scale still bears his name, is born.
King Adolf Frederick of Sweden is born.
Thomas Gainsborough, famous artist and painter of "The Blue Boy", is born.
The Constitutional Convention begins in Philadelphia.
Edward Jenner begins dispensing his smallpox vaccination for the first time.
Lewis and Clark make their first move into uncharted wilderness, leaving their camp in Missouri to sail up the Missouri River.
Paraguay declares its independence from Spain. May 14 is considered Flag Day in the country still.
Gail Borden patents his process for condensing milk.
Twenty years after Robert Cheseborough began work on his new lubricating oil, he trademarks a name for it: Vaseline.
At a Philadelphia ceremony commemmorating George Washington, John Philip Sousa debuts a new march: "Stars and Stripes Forever."
The first passenger airplane flight takes place outside of New York City.
Golf great Ben Hogan is born.
H. J. Heinz, founder of Heinz Co. and the originator of the "57 varieties" slogan, dies.
Hockey Hall of Famer Gump Worsley is born.
Early pop singer Bobby Darin ("Splish Splash", "Mack the Knife") is born.
The Netherlands surrender to Germany after heavy bombing in Rotterdam kills hundreds.
Jack Bruce, bass guitarist for Cream, is born.
Star Wars creator and movie executive George Lucas is born.
Israel, backed by Great Britain, declares itself an independent state and begins forming an autonomou government.
Talking Heads lead singer David Byrne is born.
Director Robert Zemeckis (Back to the Future, Forrest Gump) is born.
The Warsaw Pact is signed, linking Russia with most of Eastern Europe into a mutual defense cotract.
Cult actor Tim Roth (Pulp Fiction, Rosencranz and Guildenstern are Dead) is born.
Don Juan Carlos and Princess Sophia of Greece are married in a lavish ceremony in Madrid.
Poison singer and guitarist C. C. DeVille is born.
The Cult singer Ian Astbury is born.
Eoin Culfer, creator of 12-year-old superthief Artemis Fowl, is born.
Skylab is launched, marking the United States' first foray into space station technology.
The S.S. Mayaguez, captured by Cambodian rebels, is recaptured by American troops, at the cost of 40 servicemen.
William P. Lear, engineer and founder of the Lear Jet Corporation, dies.
Famed actress and dancer Rita Hayworth dies.
Jiang Qing, leader of the Gang of Four, commits suicide.
Approachable magician Harry Blackstone, Jr. dies.
"Ol' Blue Eyes" himself, Frank Sinatra, dies.
Another pop culture icon comes to an end as the last episode of "Seinfeld" appears on NBC.
Obuchi Keizo, Japanese prime minister, passes away.
NBA Hall of Famer Dave DeBusschere passes away.
Actor Robert Stack ("Unsolved Mysteries", Airplane!), passes away.
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