Malalai was an Afghan woman who became legend by being part of the Battle of Maiwand, during the Second Anglo-Afghan War, in 1880. The British troops were moving north toward an Afghan army. When the two met, fighting was fierce (and would continue for two days). The soldiers bearing the red Afghan flag of war were killed, and Malalai took the flag (some versions say instead that she used her own veil) and held it up to encourage the soldiers on her side throughout the battle. She became a heroine after the Afghan victory, and there are still streets, schools, and a hospital (founded by the Revolutionary Assocation of the Women of Afghanistan) named after her in Afghanistan and Pakistan.


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