Previous Chapter|Next Chapter

22:1 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
22:2 And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.
22:3 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.
22:4 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.
22:5 And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.
22:6 And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.
22:7 Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.
22:8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.
22:9 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?
22:10 And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.
22:11 And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?
22:12 And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.
22:13 And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.
22:14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.
22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:
22:16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.
22:17 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:
22:18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
22:21 But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.
22:22 And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!
22:23 And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.
22:24 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.
22:25 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.
22:26 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.
22:27 For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth.
22:28 Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.
22:29 And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;
22:30 That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:
22:32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
22:33 And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, and to death.
22:34 And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
22:35 And he said unto them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing.
22:36 Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.
22:37 For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.
22:38 And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said unto them, It is enough.
22:39 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.
22:40 And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.
22:41 And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,
22:42 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.
22:43 And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.
22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
22:45 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow,
22:46 And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.
22:47 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.
22:48 But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?
22:49 When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?
22:50 And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.
22:51 And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.
22:52 Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves?
22:53 When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.
22:54 Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off.
22:55 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them.
22:56 But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.
22:57 And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.
22:58 And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not.
22:59 And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a Galilaean.
22:60 And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.
22:61 And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
22:62 And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
22:63 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him.
22:64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?
22:65 And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.
22:66 And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,
22:67 Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:
22:68 And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go.
22:69 Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.
22:70 Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.
22:71 And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

Next Chapter

Everything King James Bible:Luke

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Luke
Book: Luke
Chapter: 22

The treachery of Judas. (1-6) The Passover. (7-18) The Lord's
Supper instituted. (19,20) Christ admonishes the disciples.
(21-38) Christ's Agony in the garden. (39-46) Christ betrayed.
(47-53) The fall of Peter. (54-62) Christ confesses himself to
be the Son of God. (63-71)

1-6 Christ knew all men, and had Wise and holy ends in taking
Judas to be a Disciple. How he who knew Christ So Well, came to
betray him, we are here told; Satan entered into Judas. It is
hard to say whether more mischief is done to Christ's kingdom,
By the power of its open enemies, or By the treachery of its
pretended friends; but without the latter, its enemies could not
do So much evil as they do.

7-18 Christ kept the ordinances of the Law, particularly that
of the Passover, to teach us to observe his Gospel institutions,
and most of all that of the Lord's Supper. Those who go upon
Christ's Word, need not fear disappointment. According to the
orders given them, the disciples got all ready for the Passover.
Jesus bids this Passover welcome. He desired it, though he knew
his sufferings would follow, because it was in order to his
Father's Glory and Man's Redemption. He takes his leave of all
passovers, signifying thereby his doing away all the ordinances
of the ceremonial Law, of which the Passover was one of the
earliest and chief. That Type was laid aside, because now in the
Kingdom of God the substance was come.

19,20 The Lord's Supper is a sign or memorial of Christ already
come, who By dying delivered us; his Death is in special manner
set before us in that ordinance, By which we are reminded of it.
The breaking of Christ's body as a Sacrifice for us, is therein
brought to our remembrance By the breaking of Bread. Nothing can
be more nourishing and satisfying to the soul, than the doctrine
of Christ's making Atonement for Sin, and the Assurance of an
interest in that Atonement. Therefore we do this in remembrance
of what He did for us, when he died for us; and for a memorial
of what we do, in joining ourselves to him in an Everlasting
Covenant. The shedding of Christ's Blood, By which the Atonement
was made, is represented By the Wine in the Cup.

21-38 How unbecoming is the worldly ambition of being the
greatest, to the character of a follower of Jesus, who took upon
him the form of a servant, and humbled himself to the Death of
the Cross! In the way to eternal happiness, we must expect to be
assaulted and sifted By Satan. If he cannot destroy, he will try
to disgrace or distress us. Nothing more certainly forebodes a
fall, in a professed follower of Christ, than self-confidence,
with disregard to warnings, and contempt of danger. Unless we
watch and pray always, we may be drawn in the course of the Day
into those sins which we were in the morning most resolved
against. If believers were left to themselves, they would fall;
but they are kept By the power of God, and the Prayer of Christ.
Our Lord gave notice of a very great change of circumstances now
approaching. The disciples must not expect that their friends
would be kind to them as they had been. Therefore, he that has a
Purse, let him take it, for he may need it. They must now expect
that their enemies would be more fierce than they had been, and
they would need weapons. At the time the apostles understood
Christ to mean real weapons, but he spake only of the weapons of
the spiritual warfare. The Sword of the Spirit is the Sword with
which the disciples of Christ must furnish themselves.

39-46 Every description which the evangelists give of the state
of mind in which our Lord entered upon this conflict, proves the
tremendous nature of the assault, and the perfect foreknowledge
of its terrors possessed By the meek and lowly Jesus. Here are
three things not in the other evangelists. 1. When Christ was in
his Agony, there appeared to him an Angel from Heaven,
strengthening him. It was a part of his humiliation that he was
thus strengthened By a ministering Spirit. 2. Being in Agony, he
prayed more earnestly. Prayer, though never out of season, is in
a special manner seasonable when we are in an Agony. 3. In this
Agony his sweat was as it were great drops of Blood falling
down. This showed the travail of his soul. We should pray also
to be enabled to resist unto the shedding of our Blood, striving
against Sin, if ever called to it. When next you Dwell in
imagination upon the delights of some favourite Sin, think of
its effects as you behold them here! See its fearful effects in
the garden of Gethsemane, and desire, By the help of God, deeply
to hate and to forsake that enemy, to Ransom sinners from whom
the Redeemer prayed, agonized, and bled.

47-53 Nothing can be a greater affront or grief to the Lord
Jesus, than to be betrayed By those who profess to be his
followers, and say that they Love him. Many instances there are,
of Christ's being betrayed By those who, under the form of
Godliness, fight against the power of it. Jesus here gave an
illustrious Example of his own rule of doing good to those that
hate us, as afterwards he did of praying for those that
despitefully use us. Corrupt nature warps our conduct to
extremes; we should seek for the Lord's direction before we act
in difficult circumstances. Christ was willing to wait for his
triumphs till his warfare was accomplished, and we must be So
too. But the Hour and the power of Darkness were short, and such
the triumphs of the wicked always will be.

54-62 Peter's fall was his denying that he knew Christ, and was
his Disciple; disowning him because of distress and danger. He
that has once told a Lie, is strongly tempted to persist: the
beginning of that Sin, like strife, is as the letting forth of
water. The Lord turned and looked upon Peter. 1. It was a
convincing look. Jesus turned and looked upon him, as if he
should say, Dost thou not know me, Peter? 2. It was a chiding
look. Let us think with what a rebuking countenance Christ may
justly look upon us when we have sinned. 3. It was an
expostulating look. Thou who wast the most forward to confess me
to be the Son of God, and didst solemnly promise thou wouldest
never disown me! 4. It was a compassionate look. Peter, how art
thou fallen and undone if I do not help thee! 5. It was a
directing look, to go and bethink himself. 6. It was a
significant look; it signified the conveying of Grace to Peter's
Heart, to enable him to repent. The Grace of God Works in and By
the Word of God, brings that to mind, and sets that home upon
the Conscience, and So gives the soul the happy turn. Christ
looked upon the chief priests, and made No impression upon them
as he did On Peter. It was not the mere look from Christ, but
the Divine Grace with it, that restored Peter.

63-71 Those that condemned Jesus for a blasphemer, were the
vilest blasphemers. He referred them to his second coming, for
the full proof of his being the Christ, to their confusion,
since they would not admit the proof of it to their conviction.
He owns himself to be the Son of God, though he knew he should
suffer for it. Upon this they ground his condemnation. Their
eyes being blinded, they Rush On. Let us meditate On this
amazing transaction, and consider Him who endured such
contradiction of sinners against himself.

Log in or registerto write something here or to contact authors.