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5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.
5:2 Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcase of an unclean beast, or a carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of unclean creeping things, and if it be hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty.
5:3 Or if he touch the uncleanness of man, whatsoever uncleanness it be that a man shall be defiled withal, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty.
5:4 Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these.
5:5 And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he hath sinned in that thing: 5:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.
5:7 And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.
5:8 And he shall bring them unto the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off his head from his neck, but shall not divide it asunder: 5:9 And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar: it is a sin offering.
5:10 And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the manner: and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.
5:11 But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering.
5:12 Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: it is a sin offering.
5:13 And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a meat offering.
5:14 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering.
5:16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
5:17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.
5:18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.
5:19 It is a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the LORD.


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King James Bible:Leviticus
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Leviticus
Book: Leviticus
Chapter: 5

Overview:
Concerning various trespasses. (1-13) Concerning trespasses
against the Lord. (14-19)

1-13 The offences here noticed are, 1. A Man's concealing the
Truth, when he was sworn as a Witness to speak the Truth, the
whole Truth, and nothing but the Truth. If, in such a case, for
fear of offending one that has been his friend, or may be his
enemy, a Man refuses to give evidence, or gives it but in part,
he shall Bear his iniquity. And that is a heavy Burden, which,
if some course be not taken to get it removed, will sink a Man
to Hell. Let all that are called at any time to be witnesses,
think of this Law, and be free and open in their evidence, and
take heed of prevaricating. An Oath of the Lord is a sacred
thing, not to be trifled with. 2. A Man's touching any thing
that was ceremonially unclean. Though his touching the unclean
thing only made him ceremonially defiled, yet neglecting to wash
himself according to the Law, was either carelessness or
contempt, and contracted moral guilt. As soon as God, By his
Spirit, convinces our consciences of any Sin or duty, we must
follow the conviction, as not ashamed to own our former mistake.
3. Rash swearing, that a Man will do or not do such a thing. As
if the performance of his Oath afterward prove unlawful, or what
cannot be done. Wisdom and watchfulness beforehand would prevent
these difficulties. In these cases the offender must confess his
Sin, and bring his Offering; but the Offering was not accepted,
unless accompanied with Confession and humble Prayer for Pardon.
The Confession must be particular; that he hath sinned in that
thing. Deceit lies in generals; many will own they have sinned,
for that all must own; but their sins in any one particular they
are unwilling to allow. The way to be assured of Pardon, and
armed against Sin for the future, is to confess the exact Truth.
If any were very Poor, they might bring some Flour, and that
should be accepted. Thus the expense of the Sin-Offering was
brought lower than any other, to teach that No Man's poverty
shall ever Bar the way of his Pardon. If the sinner brought two
doves, one was to be offered for a Sin-Offering, and the other
for a burnt-Offering. We must first see that our peace be made
with God, and then we may expect that our services for his Glory
will be accepted By him. To show the loathsomeness of Sin, the
Flour, when offered, must not be made grateful to the taste By
Oil, or to the smell By Frankincense. God, By these sacrifices,
spoke comfort to those who had offended, that they might not
despair, nor pine away in their sins. Likewise caution not to
offend any more, remembering how expensive and troublesome it
was to make Atonement.

14-19 Here are offerings to atone for trespasses against a
neighbour. If a Man Put to his own use unwittingly, any thing
dedicated to God, he was to bring this Sacrifice. We are to be
jealous over ourselves, to ask Pardon for the Sin, and make
satisfaction for the wrong, which we do but suspect ourselves
guilty of. The Law of God is So very broad, the occasions of Sin
in this world are So numerous, and we are So prone to evil,
that we need to fear always, and to pray always,
that we may be kept from Sin. Also we should look before us at
every step. The true Christian daily pleads guilty before God,
and seeks forgiveness through the Blood of Christ. And the
Gospel Salvation is So free, that the poorest is not shut out;
and So full, that the most burdened Conscience may find relief
from it. Yet the evil of Sin is So displayed as to cause every
pardoned sinner to abhor and dread it.

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