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23:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
23:4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD's passover.
23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
23:8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
23:9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 23:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
23:12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
23:13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
23:14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
23:17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
23:18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.
23:19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
23:20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
23:22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.
23:23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
23:25 Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
23:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
23:28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.
23:29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.
23:30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.
23:31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
23:33 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
23:35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
23:36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.
23:37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: 23:38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.
23:39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.
23:40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
23:41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year.
It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
23:42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: 23:43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
23:44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.


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King James Bible:Leviticus
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Leviticus
Book: Leviticus
Chapter: 23

Overview:
The feasts of the Lord, The Sabbath. (1-3) The Passover, The
Offering of First-fruits. (4-14) The Feast of Pentecost. (15-22)
The Feast of Trumpets, The Day of Atonement. (23-32) The Feast
of Tabernacles. (33-44)

1-3 In this Chapter we have the institution of holy times; many
of which have been mentioned before. Though the yearly feasts
were made more remarkable By general attendance at the
Sanctuary, yet these must not be observed more than the Sabbath.
On that Day they must withdraw from all business of the world.
It is a Sabbath of Rest, typifying spiritual Rest from Sin, and
Rest in God. God's sabbaths are to be religiously observed in
every private House, By every family apart, as Well as By
families together, in holy assemblies. The Sabbath of the Lord
in our Dwellings will be their beauty, strength, and safety; it
will sanctify, build up, and Glorify them.

4-14 The Feast of the Passover was to continue Seven days; not
idle days, spent in sport, as many that are called Christians
spend their holy-days. Offerings were made to the Lord at his
Altar; and the people were taught to employ their time in
Prayer, and praise, and godly meditation. The sheaf of
First-fruits was typical of the Lord Jesus, who is risen from
the dead as the First-fruits of them that slept. Our Lord Jesus
Rose from the dead On the very Day that the First-fruits were
offered. We are taught By this Law to honour the Lord with our
substance, and with the First-fruits of all our increase, Pr
3:9. They were not to eat of their new Corn, till God's part
was offered to him out of it; and we must always begin with God:
begin every Day with him, begin every meal with him, begin every
affair and business with him; seek first the Kingdom of God.

15-22 The Feast of Weeks was held in remembrance of the giving
of the Law, fifty days after the departure from Egypt; and
looked forward to the outpouring of the Holy Ghost, fifty days
after Christ our Passover was sacrificed for us. On that Day the
apostles presented the First-fruits of the Christian Church to
God. To the institution of the Feast of Pentecost, is added a
repetition of that Law, By which they were required to leave the
gleanings of their fields. Those who are truly sensible of the
Mercy they received from God, will show Mercy to the Poor
without grudging.

23-32 the blowing of Trumpets represented the preaching of the
Gospel, By which men are called to repent of Sin, and to accept
the Salvation of Christ, which was signified By the Day of
Atonement. Also it invited to rejoice in God, and become
strangers and pilgrims On Earth, which was denoted By the Feast
of Tabernacles, observed in the same Month. At the beginning of
the Year, they were called By this sound of trumpet to shake off
spiritual drowsiness, to search and try their ways, and to amend
them. The Day of Atonement was the ninth Day after this; thus
they were awakened to prepare for that Day, By sincere and
serious Repentance, that it might indeed be to them a Day of
Atonement. The humbling of our souls for Sin, and the making our
peace with God, is work that requires the whole Man, and the
closest application of mind. On that Day God spake peace to his
people, and to his saints; therefore they must lay aside all
their worldly business, that they might the more clearly hear
that voice of joy and gladness.

33-44 In the Feast of Tabernacles there was a remembrance of
their dwelling in tents, or booths, in the Wilderness, as Well
as their fathers dwelling in tents in Canaan; to remind them of
their origin and their deliverance. Christ's tabernacling On
Earth in human nature, might also be prefigured. And it
represents the believer's Life On Earth: a Stranger and pilgrim
here below, his home and Heart are above with his Saviour. They
would the more value the comforts and conveniences of their own
houses, when they had been Seven days dwelling in the booths. It
is good for those who have ease and plenty, sometimes to learn
what it is to endure hardness. The joy of Harvest ought to be
improved for the furtherance of our joy in God. The Earth is the
Lord's, and the fullness thereof; therefore whatever we have the
comfort of, he must have the Glory of, especially when any Mercy
is perfected. God appointed these feasts, "Beside the sabbaths
and your free-will offerings." Calls to extraordinary services
will not excuse from constant and stated ones.

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