Based on the precedent set in Lemon v. Kurtzman, the Lemon Test is a test to determine if a law is unconstitutional due to separation of church and state.

For a law to pass the test it must satisfy all of the following:

  1. It must have a secular purpose.
  2. It must have a primary effect that neither inhibits or advances a certain religion.
  3. It must not foster "an excessive government entanglement with religion."

The third condition is the main argument against providing federal funding for faith-based social services.

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