An island in the Persian Gulf.

It has a present population of about 12,000, mostly involved with pearl fishing and border trade, but Iranian plans are to have it populated by 2 million people by the year 2011, by establishing it as a free zone to encourage commerical and leisure enterprises.

Also an ancient city in Iraq. Its Arabic name is Al-Uhaimir, meaning 'the red', after the red bricks used for their ziggurats. If you are traveling to Babylon, a visit to the Kish site is just over the railway, eight miles away.

Kish was once the capital of the Persian Empire, as the following excerpt from a clay tablet describes:

    "After kingship had descended from heaven, Eridu became the seat of kingship. In Eridu Aululim reigned 28,800 years as king. Alalgar reigned 36,000 years. Two kings, reigned 64,800 years. Eridu was abandoned and its kingship was carried off to Bad-tabira. . . .

    "Total: Five Cities, eight kings, reigned 241,200 years.

    "The FLOOD then swept over. After the Flood had swept over, and kingship had descended from heaven, Kish became the seat of Kingship. In Kish .... Total: twenty-three kings, reigned 24,510 years, 3 months, 3 1/2 days. Kish was defeated; its kingship was carried off to Eanna.

    "In Eanna, Meskiaggasher, the son of (the sun god) Utu reigned as En (Priest) and Lugal (King) 324 years--Meskiaggasher entered the sea, ascended the mountains. Enmerkar, the son of Meskiaggasher, the king of erech who had built Erech, reigned 420 years as king. Lugalbanda, the shepherd, reigned 1,200 years. Dumuzi the fisherman, whose city was Kua, reigned 100 years. Gilgamesh, whose father was a nomad (?) reigned 126 years. Urnungal, the son of Gilgamesh, reigned 30 years. Labasher reigned 9 years. Ennundaranna reigned 8 years. Meshede reigned 36 years. Melamanna reigned 6 years. Lugalkidul reigned 36 years. Total: twelve kings, reigned 2,130 years. Erech was defeated, its kingship was carried off to Ur...."

    copyright King Utukhegal of Erech 2125 B.C.

Kish (?), n. [Cf. G. kies gravel, pyrites.] Min.

A workman's name for the graphite which forms incidentally in iron smelting.


© Webster 1913.

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