Previous Chapter|Next Chapter

18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.
18:2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples.
18:3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
18:4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?
18:5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.
18:6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.
18:7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.
18:8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:
18:9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.
18:10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.
18:11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?
18:12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
18:13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
18:14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
18:15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
18:16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.
18:17 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not.
18:18 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
18:19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.
18:20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
18:21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.
18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?
18:23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
18:24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
18:25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.
18:26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?
18:27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
18:29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?
18:30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.
18:31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:
18:32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.
18:33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?
18:34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?
18:35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?
18:36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.
18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.
18:38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.
18:39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?
18:40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

Next Chapter

Everything King James Bible:John

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: John
Book: John
Chapter: 18

Christ taken in the garden. (1-12) Christ before Annas and
Caiaphas. (13-27) Christ before Pilate. (28-40)

1-12 Sin began in the garden of Eden, there the Curse was
pronounced, there the Redeemer was promised; and in a garden
that promised Seed entered into conflict with the old Serpent.
Christ was buried also in a garden. Let us, when we walk in our
Gardens, take occasion from thence to mediate On Christ's
sufferings in a garden. Our Lord Jesus, knowing all things that
should come upon him, went forth and asked, Whom seek ye? When
the people would have forced him to a Crown, he withdrew, ch.

6:15, but when they came to force him to a Cross, he offered
himself; for he came into this world to suffer, and went to the
other world to reign. He showed plainly what he could have done;
when he struck them down he could have struck them dead, but he
would not do So. It must have been the effect of Divine power,
that the officers and soldiers let the disciples go away
quietly, after the resistance which had been offered. Christ set
us an Example of Meekness in sufferings, and a pattern of
submission to God's will in every thing that concerns us. It is
but a Cup, a small matter. It is a Cup that is given us;
sufferings are Gifts. It is given us By a Father, who has a
Father's authority, and does us No wrong; a Father's Affection,
and means us No hurt. From the Example of our Saviour we should
learn how to receive our lighter Afflictions, and to ask
ourselves whether we ought to oppose our Father's will, or to
distrust his Love. We were bound with the cords of our
iniquities, with the Yoke of our transgressions. Christ, being
made a Sin-Offering for us, to free us from those bonds, himself
submitted to be bound for us. To his bonds we owe our liberty;
thus the Son makes us free.

13-27 Simon Peter denied his Master. The particulars have been
noticed in the remarks On the other Gospels. The beginning of
Sin is as the letting forth of water. The Sin of lying is a
fruitful Sin; one Lie needs another to support it, and that
another. If a Call to expose ourselves to danger be clear, we
may Hope God will enable us to honour him; if it be not, we may
fear that God will leave us to shame ourselves. They said
nothing concerning the miracles of Jesus, By which he had done
So much good, and which proved his doctrine. Thus the enemies of
Christ, whilst they quarrel with his Truth, wilfully shut their
eyes against it. He appeals to those who heard him. The doctrine
of Christ may safely Appeal to all that know it, and those who
Judge in Truth Bear Witness to it. Our resentment of injuries
must never be passionate. He reasoned with the Man that did him
the injury, and So may we.

28-32 It was unjust to Put one to Death who had done So much
good, therefore the Jews were willing to save themselves from
reproach. Many fear the scandal of an ill thing, more than the
Sin of it. Christ had said he should be delivered to the
Gentiles, and they should Put him to Death; hereby that saying
was fulfilled. He had said that he should be crucified, lifted
up. If the Jews had judged him By their Law, he had been stoned;
crucifying never was used among the Jews. It is determined
concerning us, though not discovered to us, what Death we shall
die: this should free us from disquiet about that matter. Lord,
what, when, and how, thou hast appointed.

33-40 Art thou the King of the Jews? that King of the Jews who
has been So long expected? Messiah the Prince; art thou he? Dost
thou Call thyself So, and wouldest thou be thought So? Christ
answered this question with another; not for evasion, but that
Pilate might consider what he did. He never took upon him any
earthly power, never were any traitorous principles or practices
laid to him. Christ gave an account of the nature of his
kingdom. Its nature is not worldly; it is a kingdom within men,
set up in their hearts and consciences; its riches spiritual,
its power spiritual, and its Glory within. Its supports are not
worldly; its weapons are spiritual; it needed not, nor used,
force to maintain and advance it, nor opposed any kingdom but
that of Sin and Satan. Its object and design are not worldly.
When Christ said, I am the Truth, he said, in effect, I am a
King. He conquers By the convincing evidence of Truth; he rules
By the commanding power of Truth. The subjects of this kingdom
are those that are of the Truth. Pilate Put a good question, he
said, What is Truth? When we search the Scriptures, and attend
the ministry of the Word, it must be with this inquiry, What is
Truth? and with this Prayer, Lead me in thy Truth; into all
Truth. But many Put this question, who have not patience to
preserve in their search after Truth; or not Humility enough to
receive it. By this solemn declaration of Christ's innocence, it
appears, that though the Lord Jesus was treated as the worst of
evil-doers, he never deserved such treatment. But it unfolds the
design of his Death; that he died as a Sacrifice for our sins.
Pilate was willing to please all sides; and was governed more By
worldly Wisdom than By the rules of Justice. Sin is a robber,
yet is foolishly Chosen By many rather than Christ, who would
truly enrich us. Let us endeavour to make our accusers ashamed
as Christ did; and let us beware of crucifying Christ afresh.

Log in or registerto write something here or to contact authors.