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38:1 Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, 38:2 Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? 38:3 Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.
38:4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.
38:5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? 38:6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? 38:8 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb? 38:9 When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it, 38:10 And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors, 38:11 And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed? 38:12 Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place; 38:13 That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it? 38:14 It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment.
38:15 And from the wicked their light is withholden, and the high arm shall be broken.
38:16 Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth? 38:17 Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death? 38:18 Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if thou knowest it all.
38:19 Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof, 38:20 That thou shouldest take it to the bound thereof, and that thou shouldest know the paths to the house thereof? 38:21 Knowest thou it, because thou wast then born? or because the number of thy days is great? 38:22 Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, 38:23 Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war? 38:24 By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth? 38:25 Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder; 38:26 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man; 38:27 To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth? 38:28 Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew? 38:29 Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it? 38:30 The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.
38:31 Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion? 38:32 Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons? 38:33 Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth? 38:34 Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that abundance of waters may cover thee? 38:35 Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go and say unto thee, Here we are? 38:36 Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart? 38:37 Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles of heaven, 38:38 When the dust groweth into hardness, and the clods cleave fast together? 38:39 Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions, 38:40 When they couch in their dens, and abide in the covert to lie in wait? 38:41 Who provideth for the raven his food? when his young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat.


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Everything King James Bible:Job
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Job
Book: Job
Chapter: 38

Overview:
God calls upon Job to answer. (1-3) God questions Job. (4-11)
Concerning the Light and Darkness. (12-24) Concerning other
mighty Works. (25-41)

1-3 Job had silenced, but had not convinced his friends. Elihu
had silenced Job, but had not brought him to admit his guilt
before God. It pleased the Lord to interpose. The Lord, in this
discourse, humbles Job, and brings him to repent of his
passionate expressions concerning God's providential dealings
with him; and this he does, By Calling upon Job to compare God's
being from Everlasting to Everlasting, with his own time; God's
knowledge of all things, with his own ignorance; and God's
almighty power, with his own weakness. Our darkening the
counsels of God's Wisdom with our folly, is a great provocation
to God. Humble Faith and sincere obedience see farthest and best
into the will of the Lord.

4-11 For the humbling of Job, God here shows him his ignorance,
even concerning the Earth and The Sea. As we cannot find fault
with God's work, So we need not fear concerning it. The Works of
his Providence, as Well as the work of Creation, never can be
broken; and the work of Redemption is No less firm, of which
Christ himself is both the Foundation and the Corner-Stone. The
Church stands as firm as the Earth.

12-24 The Lord questions Job, to convince him of his ignorance,
and shame him for his folly in prescribing to God. If we thus
try ourselves, we shall soon be brought to own that what we know
is nothing in comparison with what we know not. By the tender
Mercy of our God, the Day-Spring from On high has visited us, to
give Light to those that sit in Darkness, whose hearts are
turned to it as Clay to the Seal, 2Co 4:6. God's way in the
government of the world is said to be in The Sea; this means,
that it is hid from us. Let us make sure that the gates of
Heaven shall be opened to us On the other side of Death, and
then we need not fear the opening of the gates of Death. It is
presumptuous for us, who perceive not the breadth of the Earth,
to dive into the depth of God's counsels. We should neither in
the brightest noon count upon perpetual Day, nor in the darkest
midnight despair of the return of the morning; and this applies
to our inward as Well as to our outward condition. What folly it
is to strive against God! How much is it our interest to seek
peace with him, and to keep in his Love!

25-41 Hitherto God had Put questions to Job to show him his
ignorance; now God shows his weakness. As it is but little that
he knows, he ought not to arraign the Divine counsels; it is but
little he can do, therefore he ought not to oppose the ways of
Providence. See the all-sufficiency of the Divine Providence; it
has wherewithal to satisfy the desire of every living thing. And
he that takes care of the young ravens, certainly will not be
wanting to his people. This being but one instance of the Divine
compassion out of many, gives us occasion to think how much good
our God does, every Day, Beyond what we are aware of. Every view
we take of his infinite perfections, should remind us of his
right to our Love, the evil of sinning against him, and our need
of his Mercy and Salvation.

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