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31:1 At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.
31:2 Thus saith the LORD, The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.
31:3 The LORD hath appeared of old unto me, saying, Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love: therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee.
31:4 Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry.
31:5 Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.
31:6 For there shall be a day, that the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion unto the LORD our God.
31:7 For thus saith the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations: publish ye, praise ye, and say, O LORD, save thy people, the remnant of Israel.
31:8 Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the coasts of the earth, and with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together: a great company shall return thither.
31:9 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.
31:10 Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.
31:11 For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.
31:12 Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.
31:13 Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, both young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow.
31:14 And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the LORD.
31:15 Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not.
31:16 Thus saith the LORD; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the LORD; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy.
31:17 And there is hope in thine end, saith the LORD, that thy children shall come again to their own border.
31:18 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.
31:19 Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.
31:20 Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
31:21 Set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps: set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities.
31:22 How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the LORD hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.
31:23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As yet they shall use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their captivity; The LORD bless thee, O habitation of justice, and mountain of holiness.
31:24 And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all the cities thereof together, husbandmen, and they that go forth with flocks.
31:25 For I have satiated the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul.
31:26 Upon this I awaked, and beheld; and my sleep was sweet unto me.
31:27 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast.
31:28 And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD.
31:29 In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge.
31:30 But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge.
31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
31:35 Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name: 31:36 If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.
31:37 Thus saith the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the LORD.
31:38 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner.
31:39 And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath.
31:40 And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.


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Everything King James Bible:Jeremiah
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Jeremiah
Book: Jeremiah
Chapter: 31

Overview:
The restoration of Israel. (1-9) Promises of guidance and
happiness; Rachel lamenting. (10-17) Ephraim laments his errors.
(18-20) The promised Saviour. (21-26) God's care over the
Church. (27-34) Peace and prosperity in Gospel time. (35-40)

1-9 God assures his people that he will again take them into
Covenant relation to himself. When brought very low, and
difficulties appear, it is good to remember that it has been So
with the Church formerly. But it is hard under present frowns to
take comfort from former smiles; yet it is the happiness of
those who, through Grace, are interested in the Love of God,
that it is an Everlasting Love, from Everlasting in the
counsels, to Everlasting in the continuance. Those whom God
loves with this Love, he will draw to himself, By the influences
of his Spirit upon their souls. When praising God for what he
has done, we must Call upon him for the favours his Church needs
and expects. When the Lord calls, we must not plead that we
cannot come; for he that calls us, will help us, will strengthen
us. The Goodness of God shall lead them to Repentance. And they
shall weep for Sin with more bitterness, and more tenderness,
when delivered out of their Captivity, than when groaning under
it. If we take God for our Father, and join the Church of the
First-born, we shall want nothing that is good for us. These
predictions doubtless refer also to a future gathering of the
Israelites from all quarters of the globe. And they figuratively
describe the Conversion of sinners to Christ, and the Plain and
safe way in which they are led.

10-17 He that scattered Israel, knows where to find them. It is
comfortable to observe the Goodness of the Lord in the Gifts of
Providence. But our souls are never valuable as Gardens, unless
watered with the dews of God's Spirit and Grace. A precious
promise follows, which will not have full accomplishment except
in the heavenly Zion. Let them be satisfied of God's
loving-kindness, and they will be satisfied with it, and desire
No more to make them happy. Rachel is represented as rising from
her Grave, and refusing to be comforted, supposing her offspring
rooted out. The Murder of the children at Bethlehem, By Herod,

Mt 2:16-18, in some degree fulfilled this prediction, but
could not be its full meaning. If we have Hope in the End,
concerning an eternal inheritance, for ourselves and those
belonging to us, all temporal Afflictions may be borne, and will
be for our good.

18-20 Ephraim (the ten tribes) is weeping for Sin. He is angry
at himself for his Sin, and folly, and frowardness. He finds he
cannot, By his own power, keep himself close with God, much less
bring himself back when he is revolted. Therefore he prays, Turn
thou me, and I shall be turned. His will was bowed to the will
of God. When the teaching of God's Spirit went with the
corrections of his Providence, then the work was done. This is
our comfort in affliction, that the Lord thinks upon us. God has
Mercy in store, rich Mercy, sure Mercy, suitable Mercy, for all
who seek him in sincerity.

21-26 The way from the Bondage of Sin to the liberty of God's
children, is a high-way. It is Plain, it is safe; yet none are
likely to walk in it, unless they set their hearts towards it.
They are encouraged By the promise of a new, unheard-of,
extraordinary thing; a Creation, a work of Almighty power; the
human nature of Christ, formed and prepared By the power of the
Holy Ghost: and this is here mentioned as an encouragement to
the Jews to return to their own land. And a comfortable prospect
is given them of a happy settlement there. Godliness and honesty
God has joined: let No Man think to Put them asunder, or to make
the one atone for the want of the other. In the Love and favour
of God the weary soul shall find Rest, and the sorrowful shall
find joy. And what can we see with more satisfaction than the
good of Jerusalem, and peace upon Israel?

27-34 The people of God shall become numerous and prosperous.
In Heb 8:8,9, this place is quoted as the sum of the Covenant
of Grace made with believers in Jesus Christ. Not, I will give
them a new Law; for Christ came not to destroy the Law, but to
fulfil it; but the Law shall be written in their hearts By the
finger of the Spirit, as formerly written in the Tables of
Stone. The Lord will, By his Grace, make his people willing
people in the Day of his power. All shall know the Lord; all
shall be welcome to the knowledge of God, and shall have the
means of that knowledge. There shall be an outpouring of the
Holy Spirit, at the time the Gospel is published. No Man shall
finally perish, but for his own sins; none, who is willing to
accept of Christ's Salvation.

35-40 As surely as the heavenly bodies will continue their
settled course, according to the will of their Creator, to the
End of time, and as the raging Sea obeys him, So surely will the
Jews be continued a separate people. Words can scarcely set
forth more strongly the restoration of Israel. The rebuilding of
Jerusalem, and its enlargement and establishment, shall be an
Earnest of the great things God will do for the Gospel Church.
The personal happiness of every true believer, as Well as the
future restoration of Israel, is secured By promise, Covenant,
and Oath. This Divine Love passes knowledge; and to those who
take Hold upon it, every present Mercy is an Earnest of
Salvation.

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