After the oppression of the Great Revolt of the Jews against the Romans (71 CE), the triumphant Romans burned the city of Jerusalem to the ground, and built another city in her place. This city was named Ilia Capitolina.

In this new city no Jew was allowed to live. Only after the christianization of the Roman Empire (330 CE) was the name Jerusalem restored to the city. Jews were allowed to return to the city only after the Muslim occupation of the city (640 CE).

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