The Fertile Crescent is a catch-all phrase for an area of land around the Mediterreanean Sea which historians believe it is the first and one of the most important cradles of civilization
historically. It is located in the Middle East
of the Eurasian
continent, and holds tremendous historical significance to most every civilization on this planet, because about two millennia ago it's where the Roman Empire was taking control, it's where people like Muhammed
and Jesus Christ
came from, and it is believed that events in the Christian Bible
, dating back to at least Deuteronomy
and possibly further back, actually transpired. This is where historians believe social and agricultural inventions and concepts were first conceived and enacted. It's the origin of the modern alphabet, and is where many religions
were forged. It is the birthplace of most early movers and shakers, from Greek philosophers
to Roman Catholic saints
Civilizations which evolved from the Fertile Crescent include the Assyrians, Sumerians, Canaanites, Philistines, Phoenicians aka Carthaginians, Hyksos, Akkadians, Hittites, Hurrians, Mitanni, Kassites, Arameans, Amorites, Seleucids, Nabateans, Lakhmids, Ghassanids, Umayyads, Abbasids, and others.
The Fertile Crescent stretches from the Taurus Mountains
in the North to the Arabian Desert
in the South. Originally known as the Syrian Sea
, the Eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea is a border as are the Zagros Mountains
to the west and the Gulf of Fao
in the East. Though they were called dramatically different names in some cases centuries and millennia ago, in the 21st century such countries as Syria
, and Sinai
are all part of what was and for some people still is considered the where the seed of humanity
was first planted.
Because of the importance this land holds in the hearts and minds of so many people on this planet, the Fertile Crescent has also been the primary location for more and bloodier wars than any other place in recorded history. People are probably fighting over it today, even as you read these words.