b.1870 d.1922
Robert Erskine Childers was an Englishman, a Protestant, and an author of one of the first spy novels - The Riddle of the Sands (1903). Born in London, he fought for Britain in the Boer War in South Africa. Afterwards he resigned from service, but returned in World War I, where he served as an intelligence and aerial-reconnaissance officer and received a Distinguished Service Cross for his bravery.

While this is interesting, it's probably not enough to earn him his own node .... so here's the rest of the story:

Between the Boer War and World War I, Childers served as a clerk in England's House of Commons. There he became convinced of the need for Irish homerule. To this end, in 1914 he began smuggling guns aboard his yacht to Ireland. Returning from World War I, he traveled to Ireland, where he was elected to the Dáil Éireann as a member of the Sinn Fein political party. He also served as Sinn Fein's Minister of Propaganda.

Childers opposed the treaty that established the Irish Free State. So, after the partition of Ireland, he joined the IRA to continue the struggle for complete Irish independence. Eventually he became one of the leaders, along with Eamon de Valera, of the Republican forces in the Irish Civil War.

In 1922 he was caught in posession of a revolver by Irish Free State forces. He was court-martialed and executed in Dublin on charges of illegally possessing a handgun.

So we have:
Robert Erskine Childers - Englishman, Protestant, author, decorated British soldier and spy.
And:
Robert Erskine Childers - Irish republican, gun smuggler, Sinn Fein politician, and IRA member.
Incidentally, his spy novel, Riddle of the Sands, was made into a movie in 1979. And his son, Erskine Hamilton Childers, was elected president of Ireland in 1973.


http://www.bartleby.com/65/ch/Childers.html
http://www.xrefer.com/entry/500251
http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/index.html

As the author of many works which swayed public opinion toward the Irish cause, Childers was a natural target of the Crown forces. Also as an Englishman who pressed for the Republican ideal of independence in place of home rule status, Childers came to be mistrusted in spite of his past services as their most moving spokesman. The weapon for which he was arrested and executed was described as 'a tiny delicately-made gun such as a middle-aged lady of timid disposition might carry in her handbag.'

On the evening of his execution Childers declined a blindfold and asked the firing squad "Take a step forward, lads. It will be easier that way.". A man who wrote beautiful prose, he was also a man of strong convictions.

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