Enka songs were first invented during the middle of the Meiji restoration
by youngsters who sang for the rights of citizens to participate in politics
. The songs are sung similarly to how minyou
s, or local songs, were sung.
Modern enka singers have nothing political
to sing about.
They are known to use a unique voice fluctuation technique called "kobushi
". Like country music
in the States
, enka doesn't appeal to a large population of youth
. (Although it seems like country music is more of a regional thing than strictly an age thing.)