Eduard Dujardins was a French writer and librettist who lived in the 19th century. Dujardin was a prominent member of the Wagner cult, and he even went so far as to have
musical bars and symbols embroidered on his waistcoats. He was also instrumental in founding the 'Revue Wagnerienne'.
However, he is best known for pioneering the stream-of-consciousness technique in his Les Lauriers sont Coupes, a technique which found its next and greatest exponent in James Joyce. His work was to languish in complete obscurity for the next four decades, until by association with James Joyce it finally rose to occupy the distinctive place it now holds in French
literature. Indeed, when Dujardin inscribed a copy of his book to
Joyce, he signed himself "Lazare".