A Welsh area or district. An English corruption of the Welsh cwmwd or more archaically, cymwd.
Something like the English manor, the cwmwd or commote was the basic political and territorial unit of medieval Wales under the control of a chieftain or tywysog. Each commote was made up of a number of tref or towns. From his llys, or court located in the maerdref, or principal tref, the tywysog or, in his absence, his principal officer the maer, would exercise his (theoretically) absolute judicial and governmental authority over the commute.
Although the administrative arrangments established by the Acts of Union in 1536 and 1543 removed any vestige of political authority, the boundaries of the historical Welsh counties the Acts created tended to be based on the traditional commute, and even today many towns and villages in Wales still recognise their membership of a specific historical commote.